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European Bridge League

 

  La nascita della International Bridge League fu decisa a Scheveninghen in Olanda il 10 giugno 1932 durante lo svolgimento di quello che può essere considerato a tutti gli effetti il primo Campionato Europeo della storia del bridge.

 Le nazioni aderenti furono le stesse 6 che parteciparono al Campionato: Austria, Inghilterra, Olanda, Norvegia, Germania e Belgio e la Lega si riunì formalmente per la prima volta a Londra l'anno successivo quando, già nel corso del suo primo anno di vita, si erano aggiunti: Ungheria, Cecoslovacchia e Danimarca.

  Il primo presidente fu il britannico A. E. Manning Foster, seguito dall'olandese A. J. E. Lucardie al quale dopo un anno succedette per un quadriennio l'inglese Sir A. Noel Mobbs, poi, per i successivi 15 anni, fu Presidente della Federazione il barone francese Robert De Nexon.

 I successivi Presidenti furono:

Carl Bonde 1965-69
       Silvio Carini-Mazzaccara  1969-73
André Lemaitre 1973-80
Nils E. Jensen 1980-87
José Damiani  1987-95
André Boekhorst 1995
Bill Pencharz 1995-99
Giannarigo Rona 1999-2010
Yves Aubry 2010-2018
Jan Kamras  2018-2022
Eric Laurant dal 2022

 Nel 1937, quando anche l'Italia si associò per la prima volta, la Lega contava l'adesione di 18 Nazioni tra cui gli Stati Uniti.

 L'anno successivo la EBL partecipò con il Portland Club e con la Lega Americana alla revisione e alla pubblicazione delle leggi del bridge e organizzò il primo Campionato Europeo del dopoguerra.

 La EBL che rappresenta oggi la Zona 1 della WBF e che vede associati 47 Paesi, conta oltre 350.000 iscritti con Francia ed Olanda che fanno la parte del leone e può vantare un indice di crescita sempre positivo.

 La EBL opera secondo un proprio Statuto che viene approvato dall'Assemblea Generale dei Delegati di tutti i Paesi iscritti e la sua gestione è affidata ad un Comitato esecutivo.

 La EBL cura l'organizzazione dei Campionati Europei che nella prima parte della loro vita si sono svolti cambiando più volte sia la formula che le norme.

 Durante i Campionati di Tenerife del 2001, l'Assemblea Generale ed il Comitato Esecutivo della Federazione Europea hanno deciso la ristrutturazione dei Campionati Europei in due grandi Categorie: European Teams Championships ed European Open Championships.

 Gli European Teams Championships si svolgono negli anni pari a partire dal 2002 e ad essi potrà  partecipare una sola squadra in rappresentanza ufficiale del proprio Paese per ognuna delle 3 Categorie ammesse (Open, Women, Senior), le squadre vincitrici del titolo europeo acquisiscono anche il diritto a partecipare ai successivi Campionati Mondiali Zonali.

 Gli European Open Championships si svolgeranno invece negli anni dispari a partire dal 2003 e ad essi potranno partecipare un numero illimitato di squadre che nella Categoria Open e Women dovranno essere strettamente Nazionali ma che nelle altre due Categorie previste (Mixed e Senior) potranno anche essere composte da giocatori di diversa nazionalità. Per ognuna delle quattro Categorie previste i Campionati Open saranno sia a Coppie che a Squadre.

 La EBL organizza a partire dal 1968 anche i Campionati Giovanili che si svolgono tradizionalmente nel mese di luglio degli anni pari per le competizioni a squadre nelle Categorie Junior e School, e in quello degli anni dispari per le competizioni a coppie nella Categoria Juniores (Junior Camp).

 Sotto la egida della EBL si svolgono negli anni dispari anche i Campionati Europei Universitari che nel 2003 toccheranno la loro ottava edizione e che sono riservati alle Università ed alle Scuole Superiori europee che possono iscrivere alla competizione un numero illimitato di squadre rispettando i vincoli che almeno due giocatori di ogni squadra debbono appartenere alla stessa organizzazione didattica e che ogni squadra deve essere composta da giocatori di una medesima Nazione.

 A fianco viene fornita la classifica dei plurivincitori dei Campionati a squadre Europei nelle Categorie Women ed Open, la lista è gestita dalla EBL e gli azzurri vi figurano da primi attori.

 La EBL è, tra le 8 Federazioni aderenti alla World Bridge Federation, quella con il maggior numero di iscritti ed il suo attuale Presidente è lo svedese Jan Kamras.

Prg.

    Paese

Iscritti

1 Albania 160
2 Austria 2.446
3 Belgio 5.522
4 Bielorussia 60
5 Bosnia & Herzegovina 33
6 Bulgaria 880
7 Cekia 612
8 Cipro 294
9 Croazia 616
10 Danimarca 18.233
11 Estonia 578
12 Far Oer 130
13 Finlandia 1.443
14 Francia 88.339
15 Galles 2.262
16 Georgia 47
17 Germania 21.714
18 Grecia 3.863
19 Inghilterra 36.550
20 Irlanda 5.796
21 Islanda 726
22 Israele 7.679
23 Italia 21.798
24 Lettonia 375
25 Libano 594
26 Lituania 114
27 Lussemburgo 49
28 Malta 76
29 Monaco 135
30 Norvegia 7.831
31 Olanda 71.798
32 Polonia 7.680
33 Portogallo 1.283
34 Romania 456
35 Russia 1.040
36 San Marino 33
37 Scozia 5.394
38 Serbia 219
39 Slovacchia 297
40 Slovenia 318
41 Spagna 4.376
42 Svezia 19.641
43 Svizzera 3.140
44 Turchia 5.332
45 Ucraina 160
46 Ungheria 300

Totale 

351.112

Pluricampioni Europei / Multi European Teams Champions

OPEN

WOMEN

GIORGIO BELLADONNA

10

1956,57,58,59,65,67,69,71,73,79

RIXI MARCUS

10

1935,36,37,51,52,59,61,63,66,75

LORENZO LAURIA

9

1979,95,97,01,02,04,06,10

FRITZI GORDON

8

1950,51,52,59,61,63,66,75

NORBERTO BOCCHI

7

1997,99,01,02,04,06,10

SMITH NICOLA

8

1975,79,81,97,99,01,12,16

GIORGIO DUBOIN

7

1997,99,01,02,04,06,10

SYLVIE WILLARD

7

1983,85,87,95,06,08,10

ALFREDO VERSACE

7

1995,97,01,02,04,06,10

DANIELLE ALLOUCHE GAVIARD

6

1983,85,87,06,08,10

KENNETH W.KONSTAM

6

1948,49,50,54,61,63

MARISA BIANCHI

5

1970,71,73,74,77

EUGENIO CHIARADIA

5

1951,56,57,58,59

SANDRA LANDY

5

1975,79,81,97,99

PIETRO FORQUET

5

1951,56,57,58,59

RIGMOR FRAENCKEL

5

1948,49,55,57,58

BENITO GAROZZO

5

1969,71,73,75,79

ANNA VALENTI

5

1970,71,73,74,77

WALTER AVARELLI

4

1956,57,58,59

VERONIQUE BESSIS

5

1983,85,87,95,08

BENITO BIANCHI

4

1965,67,69,71

SALLY BROCK

5

1979,81,01,12,16

DANO DE FALCO

4

1973,79,99,01

OTTI DAMM

4

1949,55,57,58

LESLIE W.DODDS

4

1948,49,50,54

M. de VRIES

4

1953,54,56,69

MAURICE HARRISON-GRAY

4

1948,49,50,63

DIMMIE FLEMING

4

1951,52,59,63

GIUSEPPE MESSINA

4

1965,67,69,71

RINA JABES

4

1970,71,73,74

RENATO MONDOLFO

4

1965,67,69,71

CHRISTIANNE MARTIN

4

1939,54,56,65

TERENCE REESE

4

1948,49,54,63

M.ANTONIA ROBAUDO

4

1970,71,73,74

BORIS SHAPIRO

4

1948,49,54,63

CATHERINE D' OVIDIO

4

1985,95,06,08

GUGLIELMO SINISCALCO

4

1951,56,57,58

BENEDICTE CRONIER

4

1987,95,06,08

HENRI SVARC

4

1966,70,74,83

HEATHER DHONDY

4

1997,99,01,16

RENE' BACHERICH

3

1953,55,62

PENGUIN EVANS 4 1939, 1950, 1951, 1952

JEAN-MICHEL BOULENGER

3

1966,70,74

PAT COHEN 4 1939, 1953, 1972, 1973

MASSIMO D'ALELIO

3

1956,57,58

MARIANNE BOSCHAN

3

1935,36,37

ARTURO FRANCO

3

1973,75,79

GERTRUDE BRUNNER

3

1935,36,37

PIERRE GHESTEM

3

1953,55,62

LUCIANA CANESSA

3

1970,71,73

KRISZSTOF MARTENS

3

1981,89,93

GINETTE CHEVALLEY

3

1983,85,87

EDMOND R.H.POLLAK

3

1932,33,36

PAT DAVIES

3

1981,97,99

       

MARIE DE MONTAIGU

3

1939,53,54

       

SIMONE DE TEMMERMAN

3

1956,65,69

       

ETHEL ERNST

3

1935,36,37

       

NORAH EVANS

3

1950,51,52

       

GRETL JOSEFFY

3

1935,36,37

       

JANE JUAN

3

1961,63,66

       

ANNIE POULDJIAN

3

1939,56,65

       

DOROTY SHANAHAN

3

1961,63,66

       

ANDREE SUSSEL

3

1956,65,69

       

MAVI VENTURINI

3

1970,71,73

       

PHILLIS WILLIAMS

3

1950,51,52

       

DEMLY WILMING

3

1938,48,49

  The British Bridge League (BBL) was formed in 1931, and many local associations and clubs affiliated with it. In Yorkshire, for example, Halifax, Hull, Leeds, Sheffield and East Yorkshire all affiliated with the BBL.

 At national level the Scottish Bridge Union was formed in 1933 and the Welsh Contract Bridge Association the following year. There was still no English equivalent, but area associations were being set up: Yorkshire and the North East were formed in 1935 and the North West soon afterward. In 1936 those three bodies proposed merging to create a single Northern Association under the BBL.

 Scottish and Irish representatives were willing to meet on equal terms only with those from an English national organization, so it was decided to set up an English Bridge Union, to be composed of the three northern associations, a proposed London association and as many county associations as could be created.

 The EBU was formed on 23 May 1936. At its second council meeting on 12 June it was decided that there should be eight constituent area associations: North Eastern, North Western, Yorkshire, West Midlands, North Midlands, Eastern Counties, London & Home Counties and South Western. However the BBL and another organization, the British Bridge Association, continued to operate in England, which restricted the development of the EBU during the next few years. The EBU was reorganized during the 1939/40 season to involve the counties directly, similar to the current structure.

 A council meeting was held in July 1939 which led to the new EBU organization replacing the old, with the first meeting of the "new" EBU council being held on 15 March 1940. For the first time, those attending were representatives of individual counties rather than regional associations. According to the minutes, 23 counties were represented or sent their apologies were Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Derbyshire, Devonshire, Essex, Gloucestershire, Hampshire, Hertfordshire, Kent, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, London, Middlesex, North East, North West, Nottinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Salop, Somerset, Surrey, Sussex, Warwickshire and Yorkshire.

 During World War Two organized bridge was in abeyance, but by 1945 seven counties had been reformed: Gloucestershire, the North East, the North West, Nottinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Warwickshire and Yorkshire; next year there were 19 newly formed or reformed county associations. The EBU had not yet resumed operations, however, and so a new organization called the Tournament Bridge Association was set up to organise events and congresses, including the Crockfords Cup and the Lederer Memorial Cup. The EBU and the TBA soon realized that a single body for duplicate bridge was needed, and all the TBA members eventually joined the EBU. As a result, the number of county associations affiliated with the EBU doubled to 38.

 English players took part in European and World competitions as part of Great Britain teams until 2000, when the European Bridge League accepted the EBU as a national bridge organization (along with the Scottish and Welsh unions). Since the selection and organization of Great Britain teams had become the BBL's main reason for existence, it was dissolved and its remaining functions were taken over by a new body, Bridge Great Britain.

 The first EBU sub-committee was the Selection Committee, established 28 March 1937. The Tournament Committee was set up on 8 June 1945 and the Laws and Ethics committee on 1 April 1947.

 The English Bridge Union Limited (EBU) continues to be a membership-funded organisation for promoting the game of duplicate bridge. As of 2008 it had 39 constituent County Associations, each with nominees holding shares.

 The tournament committee is responsible for all aspects of the EBU's program of tournaments, other competitions and the master points scheme. The Laws and Ethics committee is the national authority for the game of duplicate contract bridge in England, when played under the auspices of the EBU. It has three principal functions: it is the final EBU appeal body for appeals arising under the laws of the game; it is the principal disciplinary body of the EBU, hearing complaints against members; and it organizes publication of the Orange Book, which contains regulations for the conventions and agreements permitted in different classes of competition, and other directives which supplement the laws of the game.

 The EBU selection committee is responsible for all aspects of England's international representation. It determines the format of trials for major international championships such as the European Championship competed for bi-annually and for the annual home international series involving England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Éire. The home internationals are known as the Camrose Trophy (Open) and the Lady Milne (Women).

 England currently selects for the Camrose Trophy using its flagship event the "Premier League" which has two divisions of eight teams playing long matches against all other teams. The winners of Division 1 are guaranteed Camrose Selection.

 The EBU Teachers' Association (commonly known as EBUTA) promotes and supports bridge teaching by EBU qualified members. By improving the quantity and quality of bridge teaching, it aims to increase the number of people who play and enjoy bridge and thereby increase membership of the EBU. EBUTA provides information, advice and training to qualified and prospective bridge teachers.

 Minibridge is used to help introduce players into the game. It is also being introduced to Primary Schools across England to help promote skills in Maths and English. The EBU also promotes Really Easy Bridge to introduce newly playing bridge players to the tournament side of play.

 The EBU also co-ordinates a project in producing teachers from their affiliated clubs.

 The English Bridge Union believes strongly in supporting and encouraging young bridge players, as the future of the game. They have regional Youth Officers to further service the needs of junior bridge. Junior international teams have squad managers.

 The EBU runs trials for the two junior international series for the home (UK & Ireland) countries which are the Junior Camrose Trophy (Under 25) and the Peggy Bayer Trophy (Under 20). There is also a Girl's series (U25) held at European level.

 The EBU Selection Committee selects the junior teams.

 The EBU master point is a means of recognizing individual lifetime achievement in EBU organised competitions at club, county and national level. It began in September 1956. Points are awarded to the top one third of competitors and the higher the level of competition the greater the number of points awarded. This scheme has been criticized for rewarding the persistent player ("the more you play the more points you earn"). A Gold Point scheme has been added whereby these points decay at a rate of 20% per annum and can only be won in National Tournaments where the competitor has finished high in the overall rankings.

 The EBU launched its "Pay to Play" scheme on April 1, 2010 to create Universal Membership. This scheme replaces its previous method of financing by charging a small payment (29 pence from April 2010 to March 2011) each time a player plays at an EBU affiliated club.

STATUTE

  La European Bridge League ("EBL"), créée en 1947 à Copenhague (Danemark) par huit fédérations nationales de bridge, est la confédération des fédérations nationales de Bridge qui organisent le jeu de cartes de bridge dans les pays européens. Son siège est à Lausanne (Suisse), le centre administratif et de secrétariat à basé à Milan (Italie). Depuis Juin 2010, le président de l'EBL est Yves Aubry, ancien président de la Fédération française de bridge.

 L'EBL est membre du Comité olympique européen et de la Fédération mondiale de bridge, dont elle constitue la première des huit «zones» dans le monde du bridge.

 L'EBL s'occupe de la compétition de bridge au niveau européen ; sa principale responsabilité est d'organiser le championnat qui accorde le titre de champion européen.

 Parallèlement à l'administration de la compétition (au niveau européen et de la participation européenne au niveau mondial), l'EBL fournit des services en ligne pour les joueurs, comme un calendrier de tournois à travers l'Europe, une liste de livres de bridge avec quelques commentaires, et un dossier de réalisations majeures par les joueurs.

 Les membres de l'European Bridge League sont les fédérations nationales de Bridge. Les joueurs de bridge sont adhérents aux fédérations nationales. En 2010 il y a 49 pays membres de l'EBL, totalisant 393.164 joueurs . Près de 40% des pays et 60% des joueurs sont sous l'égide de la Fédération mondiale de bridge.

 Géographiquement, les membres de l'EBL vont de l'Islande à Malte, de Israël à l'Arménie, qui sont également tous membres du Comité olympique européen. L'angleterre, l'écosse et le Pays de Galles participent en tant que trois nations, le Danemark et les îles Féroé en tant que deux nations , mais ils participent conjointement, pour la Grande-Bretagne et le Danemark, en tant qu'équipes olympiques. L'Andorre, l'Azerbaïdjan, la Macédoine et la Moldavie adhèrent au comité olympique Européen mais ne participent pas aux championnat du monde. Le Liban adhère au bridge européen, mais est rattaché à l'Asie pour les jeux olympiques.
La France et les Pays-Bas représentent la moitié des 384 000 joueurs. Avec environ 5% chacun, cinq autres nations constituent encore 30%:.. L'Italie, L'Allemagne, L'Angleterre, le Danemark et la Suède. Ainsi, les sept plus grandes nations du bridge représentent 80% des joueurs inscrits en Europe.

 40 sur les 46 nations de l'EBL ont fait entrer au moins une équipe nationale dans le dernier Championnat d'Europe par équipes (2010): 38. Dans la catégorie Open, 28 femmes, et 23 équipes seniors.

 Les joueurs des pays membres de l'EBL ont obtenu de grands succès au niveau mondial. En 2008 à Pékin, ils ont remporté 22 des 27 médailles au bridge lors des premiers Jeux mondiaux des sports de l'esprit. Il y avait six membres de l'EBL parmi les 22 équipes nationales pour la finale du Championnat du monde de bridge ("Bermuda Bowl en 2009"), et toutes les six sont arrivées en huitième de finale.

 L'European Open Championnats Bridge ont lieu tous les deux ans, les années impaires, depuis 2003.

 L'EBL organise des événements jeunes chaque année en Juillet, pour les équipes de jeunes et les paires qui représentent les pays membres de la LBE.
 Le tournoi des petites fédérations, créé en 2007, est limité aux équipes nationales de fédérations ne comptant pas plus de 500 membres. Douze à seize équipes ont participé dans les trois premières sessions. 19 des 49 pays EBL semblent être éligibles.

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 Index of Federations