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Summer NABC  -  Grand National teams

 

Il Grand National Open Teams assieme alla Spingold, alla Reisinger ed alla Vanderbilt, è uno dei 4 eventi del Grande Slam ed è una delle competizioni più antiche dell’intero calendario ACBL, che è stato originariamente copiata dall’inglese Gold Cup e può essere paragonata alla nostra Coppa Italia, anche se il Campionato nostrano, davvero molto simile fino a qualche anno fa, si è andato distaccando nel tempo dai progenitori

Le eliminatorie cominciamo a livello di Circolo, per poi espandersi gradualmente ai Distretti (un’area corrispondente ad un grande stato: in tutto i Distretti rappresentati in finale sono 25). Arrivate ai Summer National, le venticinque formazioni superstiti vengono ridotte a sedici per giocare a KO puro. La competizione, come moltissime altre negli USA, è “Stratified”, ovvero rigidamente divisa in categorie, basate sul numero dei master point dei giocatori in campo

La divisione opera nei due sensi: non solo i più forti non possono giocare con i più deboli, ma anche, viceversa, solo i migliori hanno accesso alle categorie superiori. I possibili “Flights” sono cinque, ma solo tre nel caso del GNT. Il limite per giocare il Flight A – quello superiore – è pari a 6000 Master Point (per darvi un’idea, ce ne vogliono 1500 per diventare Life Master, ovvero qualcosa di abbastanza simile alla nostra “Prima Picche”)

In Inghilterra si comincia a giocare addirittura casa per casa: è infatti tradizione che le fasi preliminari della Gold Cup si giochino in private abitazioni, che fanno a gara per offrire la migliore ospitalità possibile a chi viene a giocare.

 

 

The Grand National Teams (GNT) bridge championship is held at the summer American Contract Bridge League (ACBL) North American Bridge Championship (NABC).

The Grand National Teams is a team knockout event and together the Spingold, the Vanderbilt and the Reisinger is part of Grand Slam.

The United States Bridge Association, established by Ely Culbertson and his staff, conducted a Grand National Team-of-Four championship from 1934 to 1937 (the lifetime of the organization before merger created the ACBL).

The extended, grass-roots tournament was re-established in 1973, when about 1500 teams participated. Initial stages were contested in the 25 geographically defined ACBL Districts. Champions of eight Zones were determined in a semifinal stage, who qualified for the final stage at one of the North American NABC meets.

By 1980 there were 6032 teams in the first stage, although the distinct Canadian National Teams championship was introduced by the Canadian Bridge Federation that year, leaving only the 23 U.S. or partly U.S. districts in the GNT (The ACBL encompasses Mexico and Bermuda, but each is entirely within a partly U.S. District.)

The Zonal stage was eliminated in 1985; since then every District champion qualifies for the final at the Summer NABC.

Conditions within the Districts differ; some now hold a single weekend tournament. Winners received some money to pay expenses in part.

Also in 1985, the event was divided in three Flights called A, B, and C. The Championship Flight was added in 2001. That is, Flights B and C were added to the Open Flight in 1985, with player eligibility restricted by upper limits on career master points. In 2001 the previously open Flight A was renamed "Championship" or "Super flight" and Flight A was restricted to players with fewer than 5,000 career masterpoints. As of 2012 the other ceilings were 2,000 points for Flight B players and 500 points for Flight C. In 2014 the cutoff for Flight A was raised to 6,000 masterp oints and the cutoff for Flight B was raised to 2,500 master points.

The Open winners have their names engraved on the Morehead Trophy, donated by The New York Times in memory of its longtime bridge editor Albert H. Morehead.

 

Anno / Year

Città / Town

Squadre Vincitrici / Winners teams since 1973

1973

Washington

Russell Arnold, James Beery, Jane Jaeger, Richard Pavlicek, William Seamon, Robert G. Sharp

1974

New York

Larry Cohen, Billy Eisenberg, Eddie Kantar, Richard Katz, Paul Soloway, John Swanson

1975

Miami

John Fisher, Charles Gabriel, Bob Hamman, Jim Hooker, Charles Weed, Bobby Wolff

1976

Salt Lake City

Billy Eisenberg, Eddie Kantar, Paul Soloway, John Swanson

1977

Chicago

Bob Hamman, Dan Morse, Curtis Smith, Eddie Wold, Bobby Wolff

1978

Toronto

Gerald Caravelli, Charles Peres, William Rosen, Milton Rosenberg, Dan Rotman

1979

Las Vegas

Greg DeFotis, Jerry Goldfein, Arnold Leavitt, Larry Robbins, Claude Vogel

1980

Chicago

Jack Bitman, Jan Janitschke, Craig Janitschke, Dick Lesko

1981

Boston

Ira Chorush, James Jacoby, Mike Passell, George Rosenkranz, Eddie Wold

1982

San Francisco

Ron Von der Porten, Hugh Ross, Chip Martel, Lew Stansby, Kyle Larsen, Peter Pender, Jeff Polisner (npc)

1983

New Orleans

Chip Martel, Hugh Ross, Peter Pender, Lew Stansby

1984

Washington

Kit Woolsey, Ed Manfield, Peter Boyd, Bob Lipsitz, Steve Robinson

1985

Las Vegas

Chip Martel, Hugh Ross, Lew Stansby, Peter Pender, Alfred Sheinwold (npc)

1986

Toronto

Seymon Deutsch, Bobby Wolff, Bob Hamman, Jim Jacoby

1987

Baltimora

Chip Martel, Hugh Ross, Peter Pender, Lew Stansby, Mike Lawrence

1988

Salt Lake City

Steve Robinson, Ed Manfield, Peter Boyd, Robert Lipsitz

1989

Chicago

Steve Sion, Robert Barr, Howard Stengel, Bernie Miller

1990

Boston

Doug Simson, Walter Johnson, Jeff Meckstroth, Eric Rodwell, Dennis Clerkin

1991

Las Vegas

Larry Robbins, Jerry Goldfein, Jack Oest, Peter Nagy, Steve Garner, Howard Weinstein

1992

Toronto

Steve Robinson, Peter Boyd, Robert Lipsitz, Ed Manfield

1993

Washington

Ravindra Murthy, Brad Moss, Lew Stansby, Chip Martel, Hugh Ross, Jeff Ferro

1994

San Diego

Jimmy Cayne, Alan Sontag, Dave Berkowitz, Larry Cohen

1995

New Orleans

Steve Garner, Jack Oest, Larry Robbins, Jerry Goldfein, Gerald Caravelli, Gary Cohler

1996

Miami

Ralph Buchalter, Hugh Ross, Kyle Larsen, Ron Smith, Chip Martel, Lew Stansby

1997

Albuquerque

Jeffrey Wolfson, Robert Levin, Jeff Meckstroth, Neil Silverman, Richard Pavlicek, Michael Seamon

1998

Chicago

Ross Gabrel, Jon Wittes, Mark Itabashi, Fred Hamilton, Gene Simpson

1999

San Antonio

Joseph Shay, Michael Seamon, Robert Levin, Jeff Meckstroth, Eric Rodwell

2000

Anaheim

Joseph Shay, Michael Seamon, Robert Levin, Jeff Meckstroth, Eric Rodwell

2001

Toronto

Jill Meyers, Ed Davis, Mitch Dunitz, Iftikhar Baqai

2002

Washington

Russ Ekeblad, Sheila Ekeblad, Jeff Meckstroth, Michael Seamon, Eric Rodwell, Mark Molson

2003

Long Beach

Rose Meltzer, Peter Weichsel, Hugh Ross, Kyle Larsen, Chip Martel, Lew Stansby

2004

New York

Jim Mahaffey, Michael Seamon, Gary Cohler, Barnet Shenkin, Jeff Meckstroth, Eric Rodwell

2005

Atalanta

Howard Perlman, Chuck Burger, Perry Johnson, Michael Zerbini

2006

Chicago

Bob Hamman, Petra Hamman, Hemant Lall, Justin Lall, John Sutherlin, Peggy Sutherlin

2007

Nashville

Warren Spector, Michael Becker, Larry Cohen, David Berkowitz, Jeff Meckstroth, Eric Rodwell

2008

Las Vegas

Warren Spector, Mike Becker, Eric Rodwell, Jeff Meckstroth, David Berkowitz, Larry Cohen

2009

Washington

Rose Meltzer, Kyle Larsen, Sally Woolsey, Kit Woolsey, Jan Martel, Chip Martel

2010

New Orleans

Walter Johnson, Doug Simson, Dennis Clerkin, Jerry Clerkin

2011

Toronto

Warren Spector, Gary Cohler, Michael Becker, Jeff Meckstroth, Eric Rodwell, David Berkowitz

2012

Philadelphia

Warren Spector, Gary Cohler, David Berkowitz, Mike Becker, Eric Rodwell, Jeff Meckstroth

2013

Atlanta

Warren Spector, Eric Rodwell, David Berkowitz, Jeff Meckstroth, Michael Becker, Gary Cohler

2014

Las Vegas

Jody Coren (cng), Richard Coren, Kevin Dwyer, Kevin Bathurst, Jeff Meckstroth,  Eric Rodwell, Michael Seamon

2015 Chicago Warren Spector, Eric Rodwell, David Berkowitz, Jeff Meckstroth, Michael Becker, Gary Cohler
2016 Washington Doug Doub, Frank Merblum, Zachary Grossack, Adam Grossack
2017 Toronto David Grainger, Debbie Rosenberg, Chip Martel, JoAnna Stansby, Kit Woolsey, Lew Stansby

2018

Atlanta

David Berkowitz, Eric Rodwell, Gary Cohler, Warren Spector, Jeff Meckstroth, Michael Becker

2019

Las Vegas

 

2020

Montreal

 

 

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