Wan Li nacque a Shandong il primo dicembre del 1916 ed è stato uno dei più eminenti uomini politici cinesi del 1900.
Entrò nel Partito Comunista nel 1936 e fece rapidamente carriera fino ad essere Segretario generale del Consiglio di Area durante la guerra civile (1947-49).
Fu Direttore dei dipartimenti finanziari ed economici della natia regione di Shandong quando si insediò la Cina Popolare dal 1949 al 1952 incontrando nel disbrigo delle sue funzioni Deng Xiapoing.
Nel 1952 iniziò a ricoprire cariche amministrative a livello nazionale e nel 1958 divenne Vice Sindaco di pechino.
Divenne Vice Premier nel 1984 e quinto membro del Politburo nel 1987, carica che detenne fin quando non si pensionò nel 1993.
Nel 2044 assieme ad altri 20 ex membri del Politburo chiese ed ottenne la riabilitazione del nome di Zhiao Ziyang.
Appassionato di Bridge giocava spesso con Xiaoping e partecipò al Simultaneo Epson del 1986. Notevole è stato il suo contributo alla diffusione del Bridge nel suo Paese.
É scomparso a Pechino il 15 luglio del 2015.
Wan Li (born 1 December 1916) was during a long administrative career in the People's Republic of China Vice Premier, National People's Congress Chairman, and a member of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, its Secretariat and its Politburo. He was born in Shandong.
Wan Li joined the Communist Party of China in 1936, and served in party administrative positions, many in Shandong province, from county level on up. In 1937-38, Wan was CPC Secretary (i.e., head) of Dongping County, in 1938-40 Propaganda and Organization Department director in Taixi Prefecture, deputy head of propaganda for Western Shandong regional CPC committee in 1940, and Secretary of the party's 2nd, 7th and 8th Prefectural Committees in the Hebei-Shandong-Henan Border Area in 1940-47. In the last phases of the Civil War, he was Secretary-General of the Border Area committee (1947–49).
After the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, Wan was named deputy director of the finance department of the Nanjing Municipality Military Control Committee, director of the Economic Department and Chief of the city Construction Bureau, all within a few months. He served as Deputy Director of the CCP South-west Military and Administrative Committee's Industrial Department (1949–52), where he would have encountered Deng Xiaoping.
In 1952 Wan moved into national-level politics. He shortly became the Vice Minister of Architectural Engineering (1953) followed by the post of Minister of Urban Construction (1955). From 1958, he was a secretary of the Beijing Municipality CPC Committee (under Peng Zhen) and Vice Mayor of the city government.
Wan was elected to the 11th Central Committee in 1977, and to the CC Secretariat in February 1980, where he worked under General Secretary Hu Yaobang. In April he was made Vice Premier to fellow agrarian reformer Zhao Ziyang, and in August Wan was named Minister of the State Agricultural Commission. He was also made a member of the Standing Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Congress in September of that year.
Wan Li became the Vice Premier in 1984 and the Chairman of the National People's Congress in 1988. Wan backed Hu Yaobang and Zhao Ziyang in arguing to spread the household land contract scheme nationwide in 1979-81. He also supported Zhao in curtailing the Anti-Spiritual Pollution Campaign in the mid-1980s.
After the January 1987 resignation of CPC General Secretary Hu Yaobang, Wan Li was named to the interim five- member party Politburo Standing Committee; he was confirmed in that role at the September 1987 13th National Party Congress. The appointment was opposed by party elder Bo Yibo and others in the Chen Yun faction such as Yao Yilin. While resistance to Wan remaining on the PBSC had to yield to Deng Xiaoping's wishes, the conservatives were able to block Wan's elevation to the State Presidency, a position handed to General Yang Shangkun. As a compromise, Wan was named Chairman of the National People's Congress.
He was on an official visit to Canada and the United States during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, and made speeches sympathetic to the student movement. Some of the protestors planned a demonstration to welcome him back to Beijing in late May. But instead he returned to Shanghai, where he was met by Jiang Zemin and others who tried to persuade him to oppose the protests. It's been suggested that he was temporarily put under house arrest. He expressed conditional support for the leadership on May 27, suggesting that a tiny minority of the protestors were conspiring to overthrow the government. He kept his position until he retired in 1993.
In 2004, he called for more democratic decision-making procedures in China to improve the country's "imperfect" Socialist system and boost economic development. Along with 20 other retired Politburo members, they openly asked the Central Government to rehabilitate former General Secretary and Premier Zhao Ziyang’s name and hold memorial services for him for his many important contributions to China.
Lover's Bridge often played with Xiaoping and he participated in the Simultaneous Epson of 1986. Notable was his contribution to the spread of the Bridge in his country.
He disappeared in Beijing on July 15, 2015.
|Precedente / Previous||Successivo / Next|